Munroe Island Panchayath
It was on July 17, 1953, that the first democratically elected Panchayat assumed office in Munroe Island. The following 10 years, the village council took over the administration. After elections in 1963, the second Panchayat assumed office. The third Panchayat came into power in 1980.
Munrothuruth(Munroe Island) Grama Panchayat the village in Kollam district in the Indian state of Kerala, came into existence in 1953 after the democratic elections.
The panchayat(local governing body) is named after Colonel John Munroe, a British resident who was appointed Diwan of Travancore by Queen Gauri Lakshmibai.
With the ordinance of Kerala Panchayat Raj Act and the Kerala Municipality Act in 1994, the Grama Panchayats in Kerala, including Munroe Island(Munroeturuthu) became more powerful democratic bodies. In the following Panchayat elections, the villagers of Munroe Island, like all voters of Kerala, had to elect three representatives – one each for Grama Panchayat, Block Panchayat and the District Panchayat, the governing body at the district level.
The Grama Panchayats have the power for taxation which is the main source of income. The various taxes collected by Munroe Island Panchayat are property tax, professional tax, entertainment tax etc
There are 13 wards within Munroe Island Panchayat. The Panchayat president is selected from among the 13 elected ward members. At the ward level, five seats are reserved for women and one for Scheduled Castes.
To facilitate the administration of the Grama Panchayat, three standing committees have been set up. They are the Finance Standing Committee, the Welfare Standing Committee and the Development Standing Committee. These committees are constituted by electing members from both the ruling and the opposition fronts. Each committee will have a chairman.
The selection, based on a principle of proportional representation, ensures the participation of people from different political backgrounds and lets even the Opposition have a say in the administrative matters.
The Panchayat also oversees the administration of various government institutions on the premises such as primary schools, the Krishi Bhavan (Village Agriculture Office), health centres and the Ayurvedic, homeo and veterinary dispensaries.